During the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) the British government followed the
"scorched earth" policy towards the Boer nation. This left children, women and
the aged poverty stricken, homeless and in a precarious situation.
People were brought to camps in railway carriages and wagons. Many others were
instructed to walk to the camps. Medicine and water were scarce, and shelter barely
available. 100 000 women and children were
held captive in 45 camps.
Disease was rampant and about 22 057
children under the age of 16 years died. A total of 1421
aged, 4200 women older that 16 years, as
well as 210 boys older than 16 years died
too. For more information follow the links at the specific camps.